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英语语法及练习8份.

语法及练习6 将来时

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将来时

一、概念

表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:be going to + do will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, arel后加not或情态动词will后加notwon’t

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon. I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. 四、一般疑问句: bewill提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句?如:

1. I’m going to New York soon.Who’s going to New York soon.

2. My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. She’s going to go to bed at nine. When is she going to bed?

六、同义句be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

练习:填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday?

I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually ________ (watch) TV and ________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm.

 What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.


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